Physical education and nutrition in the aging process

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In addition, the socialization component of body movement exercises (sports, fights, gymnastics, games and dances) increases interaction between young people, improves self-confidence and interpersonal relationships.

All this reduces the feelings of isolation and social rejection, improves the consolidation of identity and personality

In addition, practicing physical exercises reduces the adaptive adverse effects of increased release of hormones such as testosterone. This hormone is known to have a primitive role in preparing the body to become more eager to hunt and run. It is therefore necessary for mammals to become stronger and more efficient in order to survive the environment and of course to develop the reproductive capacity of the species through the development of the sexual functions necessary for the preservation of the species.

[exercise and diet] Over the course of life, our body, which is susceptible to oxidative stress from oxygen, begins to age. Knowing this state, an individual who reaches this stage of life and takes with him adaptations acquired through good habits (especially physical exercise and nutrition) is likely to reach this stage in better physiological conditions.

We are talking about physiological properties that become less effective as life progresses, mainly due to a decrease in hormonal activity and the rusting of oxidative stress in our cells.

Some examples are: muscle strength and endurance, tiredness, fatigue; cardiorespiratory capacity and functional physical capacities designed to perform everyday tasks such as locomotion, overcoming obstacles, good reaction time, kinesthetic and reasoning ability.

However, by maintaining physical and mental integrity, through physical exercise and healthy eating, the individual optimizes the various organic systems of their body to develop their functioning and enable greater morphofunctional adaptations.
An example would be increases in mass, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness in periods that precede aging, making the body less vulnerable to declines in physiological capacity with aging.

It is important to emphasize that all these adaptations can be acquired and maintained during the aging phase. The range and evolution of adaptations are diminishing, but they remain effective. Above all, to provide seniors with functional autonomy for daily tasks, physical exercise and psychological integrity, priority aspects for quality of life and biopsychosocial well-being of seniors.

Considering the need that our body represents in terms of the development of biological conditions that allow a healthy life and are least susceptible to diseases and adversities of life, it is necessary to pay attention to various aspects in order to achieve favorable conditions for obtaining these characteristics.

To achieve these benefits, specialized and differentiated professional interventions are necessary regardless of the life stage of the subject. This means that when it comes to nutritionist and physical education teacher, both should always be present in everyone’s daily life.

Physical activity and healthy eating to achieve the right weight

Fyzická aktivita a zdravé stravování pro dosažení správné hmotnosti

Physical activity and a healthy diet together support the reduction of excess fat and the increase of muscle mass, in addition to reducing the risks of diseases such as obesity.

January 2019
Physical activity or healthy eating

A healthy diet and physical activity are the keys to losing weight and keeping it off. But for those who are overweight or obese, what helps more: diet or exercise? Can we talk about a combined percentage indicated for weight loss, such as 70% diet and 30% physical activity?