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Short Form: BICY
Full name: BICY – Cities & Regions of Bicycles
Priority: Accessibility
Area of Intervention: 2.3 Promoting Sustainable and Safe Mobility
Duration: February 2010 – January 2013 (36 months)
Total budget:
ERDF contribution:
€ 2.061.213,75
€ 1.633.692,91

Province of Ferrara (Emilia-Romagna, IT), Province of Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna, IT), DISTART-Institute of Transportation Engineering-University of Bologna (Emilia-Romagna, IT), Kosice Self-Governing Region (Vychodne Slovensko, SK), Local Government Budaörs (Kozep-Magyarorszag, HU), Regional Development Centre of Koper (Slovenija, SI), FGM-AMOR Austrian Mobility Research (Steiermark, AT), BICYCLE developement project bicycle club (Steiermark, AT), Municipality of Velenje (Slovenija, SI), European Development Agency (Praha, CZ), Europa Programme Centre (Thüringen, DE)

Lead partner: Province of Ferrara (Emilia-Romagna, IT)
Lead partner country: Italy



BICY – Description
BICY originated by the will of local, regional authorities & research bodies involved to affirm a softer and sustainable model of mobility in Central Europe, centered on diffusion of bicycle. In fact, unsustainable traffic congestion and air pollution are a top preoccupation for a large part of European citizens (many of them spend years of their life in daily traffic jams), mainly in CE where mobility is often associated with a growing private motorisation.

Considering that approximately 80 per cent of all urban trips are for distance by less than 5 kilometers, it is clear that a wide and extensive use of bicycles would give an enormous contribution to reducing car traffic congestion, pollution and hence the emission of CO2 (caused by one/fifth in EU by road traffic), with great positive effects on health & combating climate change.

In other words, cycling mobility (together with walking and in combination with public transport) should be promoted as the most sustainable, ecological, and, under certain conditions, healthiest and safest way of mobility.


BICY – Objectives
The project’s general objectives face an urgent common issue of interest for the participating CE areas: the achievement of a higher sustainability in transport. As many surveys highlight, people are very sensible to the problems posed by traffic car congestion, especially in urban areas, both for the daily waste of time caused by it and health consequences on breathing apparatus as well as effects on the global climate change.

The achievement of BICY’s objectives will enable the participating areas to reach a higher level of cohesion in sustainability of their mobility systems. In particular, the late-runners will lay down the conceptual and operative basis to set up an adequate bike infrastructure and a comprehensive mobility planning with cycling at the centre, whilst the slight more advanced areas and the front-runners will improve their existing cycling systems and their integration with public transport.

More precisely, BICY will pursue these specific objectives (and related actions): develop a coherent & integrated urban-regional bike planning as strategic component of the whole urban-territorial planning; promote bike as a key complement of public transport; raise awareness of local decision makers & citizens about bicycle as an equivalent means of urban transportation, a valid replacement of car for shorter trips; promote the image of bicycle as modern, ecological & safer means of transportation (instead of poor vector of the past); strengthen the front-runners experience and, at the same time, enable policy makers & relevant stakeholders of lagging behind areas to learn from the firsts; generate, share & exchange reproducible new ideas, approaches & experiences; provide quantitative evidences (objective data) through consolidated indicators, that a widespread modal shift toward cycling (and walking) does indeed improve life quality.


BICY – Expected Result
The trans-national and multi-stakeholders context of BICY, a sort of trans-national problem-based learning mechanism, will enable each partner to learn from pitfalls, drawback and barriers as well as from successful ideas of other countries, and also to learn how solutions work in different cultural contexts.

Main outputs and results will be the elaboration of SWOT analysis, the establishment of common indicators, the realisation of study visits and training activities, the definition of a trans-national strategy for cycling harmonization and a set of implementation measures based on teamwork with partners in different countries.


BICY – Activities
Summary of activities:
Based on the assumption that many urban problems including traffic congestion, air and noise pollution could be solved through the promotion of bicycle traffic, the CENTRAL EUROPE project BICY – Cities and Regions of Bicycles aims to do just that: to promote everyday cycling. Since its start in February 2010 BICY, with partners from 11 regions of 8 Central Europe countries, has stimulated positive processes in public institutions & areas involved and promoted a circulation of experience (and hence a convergence) of cycling culture between the front runner cities Ferrara & Graz and the new comers.

The BICY project relies on employing the right mix between study visits, research, training seminars with qualified experts to share theoretical as well as practical know-how amongst project partners, stakeholders and decision makers. As a result of this continuous mutual learning process the project partners are in the process of developing their regional/local cycling strategies.

Based on these strategies as well as on common indicators the University of Bologna is elaborating a transnational cycling strategy with recommendations on how to promote cycling in Central Europe. In total more than 10.000 questionnaires have been analysed for this. The potential for cycling is high, even in forerunner cities like Ferrara and Graz, as every second car trip in urban areas is shorter than 5 km and therefore could be done by bike.

As save bicycle parking is an important issue for many partners and a measure that helps to verifiably promote cycling a brochure on bicycle parking and theft prevention has been produced and translated in 7 European languages. It can be downloaded for free on the project website: www.bicy.it. Another important tool that has been developed and translated into 8 languages is the brochure “20 good reasons for cycling”. It is meant for stakeholders and decision makers and showcases the advantages of cycling and backs up positive arguments for cycling with facts and figures.

On the website www.bicy.it, visitors can find interesting news and relevant information as well as a series of brochures developed, updated and produced during the project. The brochure “Bicycle parking and theft prevention” is available in 7 languages and the brochure “20 good reasons for cycling” is even available in 8 languages. In addition, cycling maps are available of almost all partner locations.

Currently the partners are involved in the development of pilot projects, that include innovative services like the installation of bicycle counters in Ferrara, intermodal solutions for bike and rail through parking facilities in Ravenna, a hotel rental bike system with Pedelecs in Graz, a bicycle rental system in Velenje and video and alarm equipment for safe bicycle parking in Budaörs. Educational activities targeted at children will support the sustainability of the action.