Seniors or adults with joint problems
They should prefer water sports or less traumatic sports (swimming, water aerobics, exercise bikes, passive gymnastics). Large obese people will need to start with moderate physical activity, but always combined with diet, remembering that “…we don’t have to go to the gym to lose weight, but we have to lose weight to go to the gym” and severe obesity can also cause embarrassment when undressing, and it can keep away from gyms and swimming pools.
The following will be recommended for this type of patient: Exercise bikes, Isometric exercises, Electrostimulation. Only when substantial weight loss begins will physical activity be increased and the type of activity best suited to the patient’s interest will be prioritized. These are some necessary indications for a proper approach to physical exercise and setting up a lifestyle oriented towards full WELLNESS.
All those involved in medicine and sports cannot ignore the close correlation that has emerged in recent years that defines a direct relationship between proper physical exercise and mental well-being.
Especially in individuals who have metabolic changes called the metabolic syndrome, characterized by a tendency to hypertension, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia associated with poor insulin sensitivity, keep in mind that proper physical exercise is an integral part of therapy. .
Recent studies by the Institute
Astrand Karolinska, physiology Stockholm (SV) also showed that: HABITUAL AND MODERATE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY is the best tool for improving the physical condition of individuals and preventing serious metabolic damage. It is especially provoked by daily walking or running at low speeds
- BLOOD PRESSURE REDUCTION
- IMPROVED HEART MUSCLE EFFICIENCY
- INCREASED ACTIVITY OF “AEROBIC ENZYMES IN BONE MUSCLE”
- REDUCED LACTIC ACID PRODUCTION
- INCREASED CAPACITY TO USE FATTY ACIDS
- SAVING GLYCOGEN
- NORMALIZATION OF GLUCOSE TOLERANCE
- INCREASED HDL / LDL RATIO
- IMPROVEMENT OF JOINT FUNCTION
- INCREASING MUSCLE STRENGTH
- LOWER RISK OF OSTEOPOROSIS
- MORE ENDORPHIN RELEASE
- REDUCING THE RISK OF OBESITY
We also remind you that proper physical exercise is important to control the deposition of abdominal fat, which is an important biological indicator related to various diseases. Source: ACSM (2005) ACSM Guidelines for Stress Testing and Prescribing, 7th Edition. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 61
We want to give some simple guidelines for proper physical activity, which must be personalized and adapted to the physical characteristics of the subject, we remind you that: physical activity for an inactive person must start gradually and increase week by week, and we remind you that a few simple tips are useful for all who tend to be sedentary.
Use the stairs and not the elevator, if possible walk to work or school, do not spend more than 30 minutes sitting in front of the TV, video games, computer, and possibly alternate them with stretching and short walks.