Regional information: Slovakia

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Slovakia was part of Czechoslovakia until 1993. This country in central Europe has more than 5 million inhabitants and its capital is the city of Bratislava.

„Slovakia is a Central European country whose capital is the city of Bratislava and has a population of 5.4 million inhabitants. It was part of Czechoslovakia until the break-up of that territory in 1993, the year in which it became an independent country.

Landlocked, Slovakia has a temperate continental climate and mountainous relief. Industrial production (automobiles and electronic equipment) and exports play an important role in the country’s economy.“

„Summary on Slovakia

  • Slovakia is a country in central Europe.
  • Its capital is the city of Bratislava.
  • Bratislava is the only capital in the world that borders two countries.
  • The country was part of Czechoslovakia until 1993.
  • Slovakia is the geographic center of the European continent.
  • It is characterized by continental tropical climate and mountainous relief.
  • The population of Slovakia is 5,460,000, with Bratislava being its most populous city, with more than 432,000 inhabitants.
  • The country’s urbanization rate is 53%.
  • Slovakia is a member of the European Union. The country’s economy is geared towards the service sector and the production of automobiles, automotive products and electronic equipment.
  • Exports play an important role in the Slovak economy.
  • In addition to being a political center, Bratislava is also the cultural center of Slovakia.“

„General data from Slovakia“

  • Official name: Slovak Republic.
  • Gentile: Slovak.
  • Territorial extension: 49,035 km².
  • Location: Central Europe.
  • Capital: Bratislava.
  • Climate: continental temperate.
  • Government: parliamentary republic.
  • Administrative division: 8 regions.
  • Language: Slovak.“

„History of Slovakia“
In the 9th century, the present territory of Slovakia was part of the empire of Great Moravia, which covered part of the central region of the European continent. With the decay of this political-territorial system less than a century later, Slovakia was incorporated into the kingdom of Hungary, where it remained for the next thousand years.

Bratislava, the current Slovak capital, played the role of capital of the Hungarian kingdom during the Ottoman Empire’s advance on Hungarian dominions in the 16th century. At the time, the city was called Presburg.

A few centuries later, the nationalist movement grew in Slovakia in view of the changes brought about mainly in the region’s culture (Magyarization process) due to the formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 onwards. In this way, Slovakia came closer to other territories, such as Czechia, which gave rise to Czechoslovakia, after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the end of the First World War in 1918.

Two decades later, in 1939, Slovakia ceased to be part of the Czechoslovak territory and became a kind of independent territory, whose government aligned itself with Nazi totalitarianism, in vogue in Germany. Czechoslovakia was reunited after the end of World War II and, from 1948, came under the influence of the Soviet Union.

Slovakia gained its independence on January 1, 1993, with the break-up of Czechoslovakia.

Geography of Slovakia
Slovakia is a European country located in the central region of the continent, with its capital in the city of Bratislava. Its territory was part of Czechoslovakia until 1992, along with the current Czech Republic. In addition to this country, which is located to the northwest, they also share a border with Slovakia:

  • Poland, to the north and northeast;
  • Ukraine, east;
  • Hungary to the south;
  • Austria to the west.

Thus, and as we can see on the map of Slovakia, it is a country with no outlet to the ocean, that is, without a coastline.

Slovakia weather
The continental temperate climate is predominant in Slovakia, with local variations that are determined by the relief. Average annual temperatures are low, ranging from -4 °C in mountainous areas to 10 °C in lowlands. Rainfall accumulates up to 1,100 mm during a year, with higher volumes in summer.

Slovakia relief
Slovakia has a mountainous relief, whose features mainly characterize the central and northern lands of the country, integrating the mountain range known as the Carpathians or Carpathian Mountains. The average elevation in the country is 458 meters. The highest point in Slovakia is Gerlachov Peak, situated at 2,655 meters above sea level.“