How does technology help reduce environmental impacts?

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Science, technology and the environment can and should be great allies in the development of humanity. The three elements, working together, are essential to modern life. Regarding science, we have never had such an important and massive demonstration today, as in relation to the coronavirus pandemic (SARS-COV2). Scientists from around the world have come together in support of strategies to combat and cure COVID-19 and have developed vaccines and medicines in record time.

No different, if the technology were not advanced, most likely we would not have such quick solutions and, still, it would make communication between people and the news in real time difficult. As a result, the tragedy would be much greater.

On the other hand, the importance of the environment would not need to be commented, but unfortunately, most of humanity still does not understand that not caring and taking care of the nature that surrounds each one, can have serious consequences in the short, medium and long term.

We will now understand the importance of technology for nature and what are the best solutions that governments, companies and people have on a daily basis for everyone to do their part.

Digital Content on the Environment
The internet, despite being available to the world population for a few years, has already established itself as the most powerful tool for disseminating information. It is capable of reaching the most inhospitable places on the planet in large centers, through satellites, especially now, with those of Starlink, by Elon Musk.

Through the smartphone, computer or tablet, the user can search and receive information in various formats such as: Youtube channels on sustainability, access websites and blogs about the environment, download and use green applications, watch films and documentaries that portray the problems socio-environmental

Information saves lives and protects the environment.

Industrial and Domestic Water and Effluent Treatment
Technology is present in the environment in various scenarios. Innovations allow elements of nature, such as water, to be reused, as they are finite goods.In addition to guaranteeing the preservation of water, the treatment allows its consumption to be within acceptable standards by competent bodies, which guarantees the health and well-being of humans and animals.

The treatment of effluents is a respect for nature, as the impacts caused by untreated effluents are enormous to the environment – ​​death of the local fauna and flora –, and to society – due to the spread of serious diseases.The various technologies for the treatment and reuse of water and effluents used in companies or homes, allow for a reduction in financial costs and ensure a sustainable future.

Environmental Analysis in the Laboratory
Technology helps reduce environmental impacts in many ways. One of them, and as important as the best known to the general public, is the physical-chemical and microbiological analysis laboratory.

Using modern internal and field electronic equipment, the environmental analysis laboratory performs tests on samples of water, effluents, waste, soil, environmental noise, air conditioning, chimneys, for example, in order to ensure that the materials collected in projects and homes are not contaminated. In case of contamination, the person responsible must, together with a trusted environmental consultant, carry out the necessary procedures for rectification.

Solar and Wind Energy
Photovoltaic energy and energy through wind turbines are the technological innovations that help the environment with the greatest potential to grow in the market.The positive points of these technologies for the environment are the fact that they are 100% renewable and use inexhaustible sources to function. The downside is the equipment prices.

The trend is for solar energy to be the most widespread, for obvious reasons: ease of installation, low maintenance costs, it does not generate noise like wind energy, and it adds value to real estate.

Eletric cars
The most talked about green technology at the moment are electric cars, but in Brazil it may still take time to become popular, due to the lack of government incentives. In developed countries, the reality is quite different…

The benefits of the electric car for the environment are the reduction of noise, capable of disturbing animals and people; expressive reduction of atmospheric pollution; and reduced maintenance, using fewer parts and not requiring the use of environmentally harmful oils.

A more viable alternative at the moment, at least in Brazil, biofuels have advantages such as the low emission of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and, consequently, help to reduce the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Among the most sustainable fuel options compared to fossil fuels are biogas, bioether, bioethanol, biodiesel, ethanol and vegetable oil. But it is necessary to understand that. This can be a temporary alternative, while electric cars do not become more viable in underdeveloped countries, since biofuels also have environmental impacts, such as the large use of water in agriculture, since their production comes from grains.

Environmental Monitoring Satellites and Drones
One of the serious environmental problems today is deforestation. And, one of the best technologies applied to the environment is the use of environmental satellites and drones. The activities that most need to be monitored are industrial, civil works, utilities, agricultural and livestock services and the extraction and use of natural resources, such as forestry and forestry.

Biodegradable Materials
Environmental technology has been developing very fast in recent years, but its large-scale application is still moving slowly. We must change this scenario as soon as possible, starting with the preference for sustainable materials.

Biodegradable products use elements that decompose in nature quickly and without the environmental impact caused by other types of components.

Ecological Constructions
An interesting and economical sustainable technology is ecological constructions. From the architectural project, to the use of reforestation wood, green roof, rainwater reuse system, installation of solar energy and LED lamps, they can be used to reduce costs both in the work and in the long term in use. residential, commercial and industrial development.

Is that you? Do you know other technologies that help preserve the environment? Share with us.